Equine Assisted Interventions: a Bibliography

Introduction
This bibliography updates a similar one dated 2010. The previous five bibliographies were submitted to the former Research Committee of PATH Internationaland its partners.

Citations have been retrieved from CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, PubMed, RehabData, and the Web of Science. Authors have referred some directly, and others were found by reviewing the lists of references in the articles themselves or by serendipity.Very few of the articles cited are not peer-reviewed. Citations to articles in the journal Mensch & Pferd Internationalare the two principal articles from each issue, 2012 to early 2014.

An effort has been made not to reprint citations from previous bibliographies, but this is not a guarantee against duplication. Citations in this bibliography include a few earlier than 2010.

Outside of journal articles, no effort has been made to find contributions made only onthe internet.Digital object identifiers (DOI) have been given to permit easy access to the location of the article. Perhaps 15% of the DOIs are to open access, or free, articles.
Only a selection of theses grantedduringthis period (2009-2014) have been included.

Addresses are not given out ofrespect for privacy of the authors and to prevent pirating. Individual sections A-D may include the following sections: Books, Contributions to Books, Articles, and Theses.

Horsemanship & The Horse

Introduction: It is becoming increasingly popular for therapists to provide treatment incorporating hippotherapy. However equine activities involve inherent risk. The aim of this study was to discover incident and injury occurrences within the hippotherapy milieu.

Method: Annual data on risks and injury was collected from hippotherapy providers in each of the years 2007 to 2010 via an internet survey.

Results: A total of 425 responses, representing 143,855 hippotherapy sessions, revealed a rate of one injury for every 14,386 hippotherapy sessions (0.007%) with no injury being permanent or disabling. This compares favorably with injury rates for recreational and sporting activities with horses. Identified risk factors included horse behavior, weather conditions, andabsence of assistants.

Conclusions: Because there are inherent risks associated with hippotherapy, a sound risk management program and skilled expertise beyond traditional academic courses is essential for a safe treatment environment.